The history of piracy is steeped in legend, full of myth and fantastical stories. But what if I told you that some of these stories are based on actual facts? In this contraband portion of our ‘Controversies and Contraband’ series we explore the hidden world of female pirates through Mary Read, Anne Bonny, and Grace O’Malley, and how their origin stories in England and Ireland led one of them to ‘switch sides’ and join Queen Elizabeth.
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‘Women and English Piracy 1540-1720: Partners and victims of crime’ by: John Appleby
‘Piracy and Privateering’, in Craig Lambert, Steven Mentz and Claire Jowitt (eds), Routledge Companion to Marine and Maritime Worlds (Routledge, 2020)
‘Villains of all nations’ by: Marcus Rediker
‘Bandits at Sea’ by: C.R. Pennell
‘Pirate Nests and the rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740’ by: Mark Hanna
‘The Golden Age of piracy’ by: Benerson Little
Articles and Essays:
‘Pirates in our Channel: The Cromwellian Navy in Ireland, 1649-1653’, History Ireland (July 2011), By: Elaine Murphy
Schulte, Ryann (2016) ““But of Their Own Free-Will and Consent”: Anne Bonny, Mary Read, and the Women Pirates in the Early Modern Times,” Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History: Vol. 6 : Iss. 1 , Article 2.